APPLIED ARTS

ABSTRACT
adjective

 
1) used to refer to a type of painting, drawing, or sculpture that uses shapes, lines, and colour in a way that does not try to represent the appearance of people or things
2) existing as an idea, feeling, or quality, not as a material object

noun

 
1) a painting that uses shapes, lines, and colour in a way that does not try to represent the appearance of people or things
2) a short form of a speech, article, book, etc., giving only the most important facts or ideas

ACCESSORY
noun

 
something added to a machine or to clothing that has a useful or decorative purpose

ACID
noun

 
any of various chemical substances that can produce salts, some of which are able to damage whatever they touch

AESTHETIC
adjective

 
relating to the enjoyment or study of beauty, or showing great beauty

ALBUM
noun

 
1) a collection of several pieces of music, made available as a single item on a CD, the internet, etc.
2) a book with plain pages, used for collecting together and protecting stamps, photographs, etc.

ANGLE
noun

 
the space between two lines or surfaces at the point at which they touch each other, measured in degrees

ANIMATION
noun

 
moving images created from drawings, models, etc. that are photographed or created by a computer

ANNIVERSARY
noun

 
the day on which an important event happened in a previous year

APARTMENT
noun

 
1) a set of rooms for living in, especially on one floor of a building
2) a set of large rooms with expensive furniture and decoration in, for example, a public building or castle

APERTURE
noun

 
a small and often narrow opening, especially one that allows light into a camera

ARCHITECT
noun

 
1) a person whose job is to design new buildings and make certain that they are built correctly
2) a person responsible for achieving a particular plan or aim

ARCHITECTURAL
adjective

 
relating to the design of buildings

ARCHITECTURE
noun

 
1) the art and science of designing and making buildings, or the style of a building
2) the style in which buildings are made

ARTIFICIAL
adjective

 
made by people, often as a copy of something natural

ARTISTIC
adjective

 
1) relating to art
2) able to create or enjoy art
3) skilfully and attractively made

ASH
noun

 
the soft grey or black powder that is left after a substance, especially tobacco, coal, or wood, has burned

AUTHENTIC
adjective

 
real, true

AWARENESS
adjective

 
1) knowing that something exists, or having knowledge or experience of a particular thing
2) having special interest in or experience of something and so knowing what is happening in that subject at the present time

BLUR
noun

 
1) something that you cannot see clearly
2) something that you cannot remember or understand clearly

BRAND
noun

 
a type of product made by a particular company

BROCHURE
noun

 
a type of small magazine that contains pictures and information on a product or a company

BRUSH
noun

 
an object with short pieces of stiff hair, plastic, or wire attached to a base or handle, used for cleaning, arranging your hair, or painting

CATALOGUE
noun

 
1) a book with a list of all the goods that you can buy from a shop
2) a list of all the books, paintings, etc. that exist in a place

CEILING
noun

 
the inside surface of a room that you can see when you look above you

CHARACTERISE
verb

 
to describe something by stating its main qualities

CHARM
noun

 
a quality that makes you like or feel attracted to someone or something

CLIENT
noun

 
a customer or someone who receives services, esp. from a lawyer or other person who gives advice

CLOUD
noun

 
a grey or white mass in the sky, made up of very small floating drops of water

COLOURFUL
adjective

 
having bright colours or a lot of different colours: a colourful painting, colourful costumes

COMPACT
adjective

 
consisting of parts that are positioned together closely or in a tidy way, using very little space

COMPANY
noun

 
an organization that sells goods or services in order to make money

COMPETITOR
noun

 
a person, team, or company that is competing against others

COMPLEMENT
verb

 
to make something else seem better or more attractive when combining with it

COMPLETE
verb

 
1) to make whole or perfect
2) to write all the details asked for on a form or other document
3) to finish doing something

adjective

 
very great or to the largest degree possible

COMPOSE
verb

 
1) to produce music, poetry, or formal writing
2) to be formed from various things
3) to be the parts that something is made of
4) to form or make up something

COMPOSED
adjective

 
calm and in control of your emotions

COMPOSITION
noun

 
1) a piece of music that someone has written
2) the process or skill of writing music
3) the way that people or things are arranged in a painting or photograph
4) something that a person has created or written, esp. a text, a work of art, or a piece of music, or the act of creating or writing something
5) the mixture of things or people that are combined to form something

COMPRISE
verb

 
1) to have things or people as parts or members

CONCRETE
noun

 
a very hard building material made by mixing together cement, sand, small stones, and water

verb

 
to cover something in concrete

CONCRETE
adjective

 
1) based on sure facts or existing things rather than guesses or theories
2) clear and certain, or real and existing in a form that can be seen or felt

CONFERENCE
noun

 
an event, sometimes lasting a few days, at which there is a group of talks on a particular subject, or a meeting in which especially business matters are discussed formally

CONTAINER
noun

 
1) a hollow object, such as a box or a bottle, that can be used for holding something, especially to carry or store it
2) a very large metal box used for transporting goods
3) the fact of something, especially a colour, having the quality of being dark and strong

CONTEMPORARY
adjective

 
existing or happening now

CONVEY
verb

 
1) to express a thought, feeling, or idea so that it is understood by other people
2) to take or carry someone or something to a particular place

CORRIDOR
noun

 
a long passage in a building or train, especially with rooms on either side

COURTYARD
noun

 
an area of flat ground outside that is partly or completely surrounded by the walls of a building

CRAFT
noun

 
skill and experience, especially in relation to making objects; a job or activity that needs skill and experience, or something produced using skill and experience

CRAFTSMANSHIP
noun

 
skill at making things

CURTAIN
noun

 
1) a piece of material, especially cloth, that hangs across a window or opening to make a room or part of a room dark or private
2) the large screen of heavy material in a theatre that separates the stage from the area where people are watching

CURVE
noun

 
a line that bends continuously and has no straight parts

verb

 
to form a curve, or move in the shape of a curve

CUSTOM
noun

 
1) a way of behaving or a belief that has been established for a long time
2) something you usually do

DARKROOM
noun

 
a specially lit room where photographic film is processed

DAWN
noun

 
1) the period in the day when light from the sun begins to appear in the sky
2) the start of a period of time or the beginning of something new
3) from early morning until night

DECORATIVE
adjective

 
made to look attractive

DEPTH
noun

 
1) the distance down either from the top of something to the bottom, or to a distance below the top surface of something
2) the distance from the front to the back of something

DIFFERENTIATE
verb

 
to show or find the difference between things that are compared

DIGITAL
adjective

 
1) recording or storing information as series of the numbers 1 and 0, to show that a signal is present or absent
2) using or relating to digital signals and computer technology
3) showing information in the form of an electronic image

DISTILL
verb

 
1) to heat a liquid until it changes to a gas and then make it liquid again by cooling
2) to reduce it but keep the most important part

DISTINCT
adjective

 
1) clearly noticeable

DISTINCTIVE
adjective

 
marking something as clearly different from others

DISTRIBUTION
noun

 
1) the process of giving things out to several people, or spreading or supplying something
2) the way in which people or things are spread out in a place

DYNAMIC
adjective

 
1) having a lot of ideas, energy, and enthusiasm
2) always changing and developing

noun

 
the forces that control the relationships people or things have with each other and how those relationships can change

EDIT
verb

 
1) to make changes to a text or film, deciding what will be removed and what will be kept in, in order to prepare it for being printed or shown
2) to be in charge of the reports in a newspaper or magazine, etc.

noun

 
1) an act of making changes to a text or film, deciding what will be removed and what will be kept in, in order to prepare it for being printed or shown
2) a range of clothes or other goods that has been chosen for a particular purpose, or to be worn or used at a particular time

ELABORATE
adjective

 
containing a lot of careful detail or many detailed parts

ELEGANCE
noun

 
the quality of being graceful and stylish in appearance or manner

ELEGANT
adjective

 
graceful and attractive in appearance or behaviour

ENTRANCE
noun

 
1) a door, gate, etc. by which you can enter a building or place
2) the act of coming onto a stage, by an actor or dancer
3) the act of a person coming into a room in an ordinary situation, although often because there is something noticeable about it
4) the right to enter a place

verb

 
to hold the complete interest and attention of someone

ESSENCE
noun

 
the basic or most important idea or quality of something

ETHIC
noun

 
1) system of accepted beliefs that control behaviour, especially such a system based on morals
2) the study of what is morally right and what is not

EVOLVE
verb

 
to develop gradually, or to cause something or someone to develop gradually

EXPOSURE
noun

 
1) a single photograph on a piece of film, or the amount of time a piece of film is open to the light when making a photograph
2) one of the positions in a strip of film that can produce a photograph

EXTERIOR
noun

 
the outside part of something or someone

adjective

 
on or from the outside

FASCINATE
verb

 
to interest someone a lot

FEMININE
adjective

 
having characteristics that are traditionally thought to be typical of or suitable for a woman

FESTIVAL
noun

 
1) a special day or period, usually in memory of a religious event, with its own social activities, food, or ceremonies
2) an organized set of special events, such as musical performances

FLEXIBLE
adjective

 
1) able to change or be changed easily according to the situation
2) able to bend or to be bent easily without breaking

FLUID
noun

 
a substance that flows and is not solid

FOCAL
adjective

 
central and important

FOIL
noun

 
a very thin sheet of metal, especially used to wrap food in to keep it fresh

FOLD
verb

 
1) to bend something, especially paper or cloth, so that one part of it lies on the other part, or to be able to be bent in this way
2) to wrap

FOREGROUND
noun

 
1) the people, objects, countryside, etc. in a picture or photograph that seem nearest to you and form its main part
2) the area that is of most importance and activity, or that people pay attention to

verb

 
to give the most importance to a particular subject, etc.

FORMAT
noun

 
1) a pattern, plan, or arrangement
2) the way in which information is arranged and stored on a computer

verb

 
1) to organize or arrange text, especially on a computer, according to a chosen pattern
2) to prepare a computer disk for use with a particular type of computer

FOUND
verb

 
1) to bring something into existence
2) to start a new business, organization

FURNITURE
noun

 
things such as chairs, tables, beds, cupboards, etc. that are put into a house or other building to make it suitable and comfortable for living or working in

GALLERY
noun

 
a room or building that is used for showing works of art, sometimes so that they can be sold

GEOMETRIC
adjective

 
consisting of shapes such as squares, triangles, or rectangles

GOODS
noun

 
items for sale, or possessions that can be moved

GRAPHIC
adjective

 
1) related to drawing or printing
2) having to do with drawing or images
3) skilled at using drawings and pictures, especially in the production of books, magazines, software, etc.
4) using drawings and pictures rather than text
5) giving a very strong and clear idea of something

noun

 
1) a graphic can also be printing shown on television that gives additional information
2) a drawing or picture that shows information

HEIGHT
noun

 
the distance from the top to the bottom of something, or the quality of being tall

ILLUSTRATION
noun

 
1) a picture in a book, magazine, etc. or the process of illustrating something
2) an example that explains or proves something

IMAGERY
noun

 
the use of words or pictures in books, films, paintings, etc. to describe ideas or situations

IMPRESSIVE
adjective

 
causing someone to feel admiration or respect

INGREDIENT
noun

 
1) a food that is used with other foods in the preparation of a particular dish
2) one of the parts of something successful

INNOVATIVE
adjective

 
using new methods or ideas

INSPIRATION
noun

 
1) someone or something that gives you ideas for doing something
2) a sudden good idea
3) someone that people admire and want to be like

INSPIRE
verb

 
1) to make someone feel that they want to do something and can do it
2) to make someone have a particular strong feeling or reaction
3) to give someone an idea for a book, film, product, etc.
4) to fill someone with confidence and desire to do something

INSPIRED
adjective

 
excellent, or resulting from inspiration

INSPIRING
adjective

 
encouraging, or making you feel you want to do something

INSTALLATION
noun

 
an occasion when equipment, furniture, or a computer program is put into position or made ready to use

INSTITUTE
noun

 
an organization where people do a particular type of scientific, educational, or social work, or the buildings that it uses

INTERFACE
noun

 
1) a connection between two pieces of electronic equipment, or between a person and a computer
2) a situation, way, or place where two things come together and affect each other

verb

 
1) to connect two or more pieces of equipment, such as computers
2) to communicate with someone, especially in a work-related situation

INTERIOR
noun

 
the inside part of something

adjective

 
1) inner, on or from the inside
2) inside

INTUITION
noun

 
an ability to understand or know something immediately based on your feelings rather than facts

INTUITIVE
adjective

 
1) based on feelings rather than facts or proof
2) able to know or understand something because of feelings rather than facts or proof

JUNIOR
noun

 
someone who has a job at a low level within an organization

adjective

 
less advanced, or lower in rank

LAYOUT
noun

 
1) the way that something is designed or arranged
2) a page of text and pictures

LEATHER
noun

 
animal skin treated in order to preserve it, and used to make shoes, bags, clothes, equipment, etc.

LEISURE
noun

 
the time when you are not working or doing other duties

LENS
noun

 
a curved piece of glass, plastic, or other transparent material, used in cameras, glasses, and scientific equipment, that makes objects seem closer, larger, smaller, etc.

LIFESTYLE
noun

 
someone’s way of living, the things that a person or particular group of people usually do

LOGO
noun

 
1) a design or symbol used by a company to advertise its products
2) a small picture or design that a company or organization uses as its symbol
3) a design or symbol displayed on a company’s products, vehicles, signs, etc. that expresses the company’s character and purpose and makes it easy for customers to recognize and remember the company

LOUNGE
noun

 
a room in a hotel, airport, theatre, etc. where people can relax or wait

LUXURY
noun

 
1) great comfort, especially as provided by expensive and beautiful things
2) something expensive that is pleasant to have but is not necessary
3) something that gives you a lot of pleasure but cannot be done often

MEDIA
noun

 
newspapers, magazines, radio, television, and the internet considered as a group

MEZZANINE
noun

 
a small extra floor between one floor of a building and the next floor up

MINIMALIST
adjective

 
art, architecture, theatre & film belonging or relating to a style in art, design, and theatre that uses the smallest range of materials and colours possible, and only very simple shapes or forms

MODERNISM
noun

 
1) modern thinking or methods
2) the ideas and methods of modern art, especially from the 1920s until now

MODERNIST
adjective

 
relating to or a member of the modern art movement

MODERNITY
noun

 
the condition of being modern

MOTIF
noun

 
a pattern or design

MOTTO
noun

 
a short sentence or phrase that expresses a belief or purpose

NOUVEAU
noun

 
a style of art and decoration that uses curling lines and plant and flower shapes

NUMEROUS
adjective

 
many

ORGANIC
adjective

 
not using artificial chemicals in the growing of plants and animals for food and other products

OUTDOOR
adjective

 
existing, happening, or done outside, rather than inside a building

OUTER
adjective

 
at a greater distance from the centre

OUTSTANDING
adjective

 
clearly very much better than what is usual

OVERVIEW
noun

 
a short description of something that provides general information about it, but no details

PARTISAN
adjective

 
strongly supporting a person, principle, or political party, often without considering or judging the matter very carefully

PARTITION
noun

 
a vertical structure like a thin wall that separates one part of a room or building from another

PATENT
noun

 
the legal right to be the only person or company to make or sell a product for a particular number of years, or a document that gives you this right

verb

 
to get the legal right to be the only person or company to make or sell a product for a particular number of years

PATENT
adjective

 
obvious

PERCEPTION
noun

 
a belief or opinion, often held by many people and based on how things seem

PERSUADE
verb

 
to make someone do or believe something by giving them a good reason to do it or by talking to that person and making them believe it

PERSUASIVE
adjective

 
making you want to do or believe a particular thing

PHILOSOPHY
noun

 
1) the use of reason in understanding such things as the nature of the real world and existence, the use and limits of knowledge, and the principles of moral judgment
2) a group of theories and ideas related to the understanding of a particular subject
3) a particular system of beliefs, values, and principles
4) the way that someone thinks about life and deals with it

PHOTOGRAPHER
noun

 
a person who takes photographs, either as a job or hobby

PHOTOGRAPHIC
adjective

 
relating to, used for, or produced by photography

PHOTOGRAPHY
noun

 
1) the activity or job of taking photographs or filming
2) the skill or activity of taking or processing photographs

PLATFORM
noun

 
1) a flat raised area or structure
2) a long, flat raised structure at a railway station, where people get on and off trains
3) the raised part of the floor in a large room, from which you make a speech or give a musical performance

PLAYFUL
adjective

 
funny and not serious

PLYWOOD
noun

 
wood that consists of several thin layers of wood stuck together

PORTRAIT
noun

 
1) a painting, photograph, drawing, etc. of a person or, less commonly, of a group of people
2) a film or book that is a portrait of something describes or represents that thing in a detailed way

POSTER
noun

 
a large printed picture, photograph, or notice that you stick or pin to a wall or board, usually for decoration or to advertise something

PREMIUM
noun, adjective

 
1) an amount that is more than usual
2) something that is of higher than usual quality

adjective

 
1) of higher than usual quality or value
2) very high, or higher than usual

PRODUCT
noun

 
something that is made to be sold, usually something that is produced by an industrial process or, less commonly, something that is grown or obtained through farming

PROMOTIONAL
adjective

 
intended to advertise something

PROMPT
verb, adjective

 
1) to make something happen
2) to make someone decide to say or do something

adjective

 
done quickly and without delay, or (of a person) acting quickly or arriving at the arranged time

PROMPT
noun

 
a sign from the computer that shows it is ready to receive your instructions

PROPRIETARY
adjective

 
relating to owning something, or relating to or like an owner

PUBLICATION
noun

 
1) the act of making information or stories available to people in a printed or electronic form
2) a book, magazine, newspaper, or document in which information or stories are published

PUBLISH
verb

 
to make information available to people, especially in a book, magazine, or newspaper, or to produce and sell a book, magazine, or newspaper

PURE
adjective

 
1) not mixed with anything else
2) clean and free from harmful substances

QUANTITY
noun

 
the amount or number of something, especially that can be measured

QUOTE
verb

 
1) to repeat the words that someone else has said or written
2) to give a price, especially one that will be charged for doing a piece of work

noun

 
the price that a person or company says they will charge to do a piece of work

RAPID
adjective

 
fast or sudden

RECEPTION
noun

 
1) a formal party at which important people are welcomed
2) the way in which people react to something or someone
3) the act of welcoming someone or something

RECOGNITION
noun

 
1) the fact of knowing someone or something because you have seen or heard him or her or experienced it before
2) agreement that something is true or legal

RECYCLABLE
adjective

 
able to be recycled

RECYCLE
verb

 
1) to sort and collect rubbish in order to treat it and produce useful materials that can be used again
2) to use something again for a different purpose
3) to collect and treat used objects and materials that are ready to be thrown out in order to produce materials that can be used again

REFINE
verb

 
1) to make something pure or improve something, especially by removing unwanted material
2) to improve an idea, method, system, etc. by making small changes

REFRESHING
adjective

 
making you feel less hot or tired

REMINISCENT
adjective

 
making you remember a particular person, event, or thing

RETAIL
noun

 
the activity of selling goods to the public, usually in shops

verb

 
to sell goods to the public in shops, on the internet, etc.

RETAIL
adjective

 
connected with the activity of selling goods to the public, rather than selling to stores, etc.

adverb

 
sold in shops, on the internet, etc.

SCHEMA
noun

 
a drawing that represents an idea or theory and makes it easier to understand

SECONDARY
adjective

 
less important than related things

SENSITIVE
adjective

 
1) easily upset by the things people say or do, or causing people to be upset, embarrassed, or angry
2) having or showing awareness and understanding, esp. of other people’s feelings and needs

SHADOW
noun

 
1) an area of darkness, caused by light being blocked by something
2) an area of darkness in which people and things cannot be seen
3) a small dark area of skin under your eye

SHELF
noun

 
a long, flat board fixed horizontally, usually against a wall or inside a cupboard so that objects can be stored on it

SHUTTER
noun

 
the part of a camera that opens temporarily to allow light to reach the film when a photograph is being taken

SILVER
noun

 
a white metal that is highly valued and used esp. in utensils, jewelry, coins, and decorative objects

adjective

 
1) made of silver, or of the colour of silver
2) of a bright gray-white color

SILVER
verb

 
to cover something, especially glass, with a thin layer of silver-coloured material in order to make a mirror

SIMPLICITY
noun

 
1) the fact that something is easy to understand or do
2) the fact that something is ordinary, traditional, or natural, and not complicated

SOLID
adjective

 
1) hard or firm, keeping a clear shape
2) completely hard or firm all through an object, or without any spaces or holes

SOPHISTICATED
adjective

 
1) having a good understanding of the way people behave and/or a good knowledge of culture and fashion
2) intelligent or made in a complicated way and therefore able to do complicated tasks

SPECIALLY
adverb

 
extremely or in particular

STAIRCASE
noun

 
a set of stairs inside a building, usually with a bar fixed on the wall or onto vertical poles at the side for you to hold on to

STEEL
noun

 
a strong metal that is made by processing iron to remove some of the carbon

verb

 
to prepare yourself to be able to do something unpleasant or difficult

STORAGE
noun

 
1) the act of putting things in a special place for use in the future, or the place where you put things
2) the place where you put things

STRATEGIC
noun

 
a detailed plan for achieving success in situations such as war, politics, business, industry, or sport, or the skill of planning for such situations

SUBTLE
adjective

 
1) not loud, bright, noticeable, or obvious in any way
2) small but important
3) achieved in a quiet way that does not attract attention to itself and is therefore good or clever

SUCCESSFUL
adjective

 
1) achieving the results wanted or hoped for
2) having achieved a lot, become popular, and/or made a lot of money

SUNLIGHT
noun

 
the light that comes from the sun

SYMBOL
noun

 
1) a sign, shape, or object that is used to represent something else
2) something that is used to represent a quality or idea
3) a number, letter, or sign used in mathematics, music, science, etc.

SYMBOLISE
verb

 
to represent something

TELEPHOTO LENS
noun

 
a camera lens that makes objects far away look nearer and larger when they are photographed

TEXTURE
noun

 
1) the quality of something that can be decided by touch; the degree to which something is rough or smooth, or soft or hard
2) the features of the surface of it, which comes from the materials used to make it

TRANSPARENT
adjective

 
allowing light through so that objects can be clearly seen through it

TRIPOD
noun

 
a support with three legs for a piece of equipment such as a camera

TYPEFACE
noun

 
letters and numbers in a particular design, used in printing or on a computer screen

TYPICALLY
adverb

 
1) in a way that shows all the characteristics that you would expect from the stated person, thing, or group
2) used when you are giving an average or usual example of a particular thing

TYPOGRAPHICAL
adjective

 
relating to typography

TYPOGRAPHY
noun

 
the design of the writing in a piece of printing or on a computer screen

ULTIMATELY
adverb

 
1) finally, after a series of things have happened
2) used to emphasize the most important fact in a situation

UNITE
verb

 
to join together as a group, or to make people join together as a group; to combine

VERTICAL
adjective

 
standing or pointing straight up or at an angle of 90° to a horizontal surface or line

VISIBLE
adjective

 
1) able to be seen
2) able or likely to attract public attention and be noticed

VISUAL
adjective

 
relating to seeing

noun

 
something such as a picture, photograph, or piece of film used to give a particular effect or to explain something

VISUALISE
verb

 
to form a picture of someone or something in your mind, in order to imagine or remember him, her, or it

VISUALLY
adverb

 
relating to seeing or appearance

WOODEN
adjective

 
made of wood

WORKPLACE
noun

 
a building or room where people perform their jobs, or these places generally

WORKSPACE
noun

 
the office, desk, etc. where someone works

WORLDWIDE
adjective

 
adverb,existing or happening in all parts of the world

ZOOM
verb

 
to move very quickly

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